It is quiet possible that the bone marrow becomes damaged or defective by any form of infections or chemotherapy. Then a transplant is performed where the damaged or the weak cells is replaced by healthy ones. In simple terms a healthy bone marrow goes on to replace an unhealthy one. In a way it is referred to as a medical procedure where the healthy blood cells travel towards the bone marrow. This in turn goes on to produce new red blood cells and enhance the production of new bone marrow. A bone marrow is more like a sponge, where a fatty tissue is present in your bone
The procedures associated with the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India
Detailed planning has to be done before you go on to give your nod for the surgery. Just keep in mind that you would need to manage the personal issues and focus on the plans in the same manner as then you can give full attention to your recovery.
One of the crucial stages of development is that you would need to prepare a donor who has to donate. This could be an individual or a donor as well.
When both the patient along with the donor does become ready for a transplant, the doctor is going to start off with the regime of conditioning. It does point to the fact that you will be receiving total radiation, chemotherapy that kills the bone marrow and deceases the unhealthy bone marrow.
It has to be stated that the transplant is going to take place after the full conditioning has been over.
In medical terms engraftment is a procedure where you do go on to receive healthy cells from a donor and this goes on to develops. What it does mean is that the cells of the bone marrow in combination with the immune system are developing. At this point of time you will be closely monitored for any complications or side effects that could arise from the procedure. The transplant team along with the nursing time is going to support you at an emotional level at this juncture.
How to Recover after Engraftment
Once an allogeneic transplant is undertaken, the recovery period is for 3 months and when it is a case of autologous transplant it is for hardly a month. The patient is expected to be under strict observation and regular blood tests are going to be conducted at the same time.
The Recovery Phase
In case of an allogeneic transplant, the recovery period is long where you would need to stay in the hospital for an extended period of time. Any resources on a lifelong basis are going to be provided to you during this procedure. The doctors are going to sit with you and provide you with the discharge evaluation. On the other side of the coin if it had happened to an autologous transplant there would be no issues at all.